Scanning Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Microanalysis, and Analytical Electron Microscopy

Scanning Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Microanalysis, and Analytical Electron Microscopy

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During the last four decades remarkable developments have taken place in instrumentation and techniques for characterizing the microstructure and microcomposition of materials. Some of the most important of these instruments involve the use of electron beams because of the wealth of information that can be obtained from the interaction of electron beams with matter. The principal instruments include the scanning electron microscope, electron probe x-ray microanalyzer, and the analytical transmission electron microscope. The training of students to use these instruments and to apply the new techniques that are possible with them is an important function, which. has been carried out by formal classes in universities and colleges and by special summer courses such as the ones offered for the past 19 years at Lehigh University. Laboratory work, which should be an integral part of such courses, is often hindered by the lack of a suitable laboratory workbook. While laboratory workbooks for transmission electron microscopy have-been in existence for many years, the broad range of topics that must be dealt with in scanning electron microscopy and microanalysis has made it difficult for instructors to devise meaningful experiments. The present workbook provides a series of fundamental experiments to aid in qhands-onq learning of the use of the instrumentation and the techniques. It is written by a group of eminently qualified scientists and educators. The importance of hands-on learning cannot be overemphasized.A function generator able to produce sine or square waves at frequencies up to 100 kHz with an ... The connections to external power supplies or amplifiers must then be made through wiring connected to a vacuum electrical leadthrough.


Title:Scanning Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Microanalysis, and Analytical Electron Microscopy
Author: Charles E. Lyman
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 1990-08-31
ISBN-13:

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